How to Check Drive for Errors with CHKDSK in Windows 11

This post describes steps one can take to check disk for error using the chkdsk command in Windows 11.

chkdsk is a Windows command that checks the file system and file system metadata of a volume for logical and physical errors. If you run the chkdsk command without parameters, it displays only the status of the volume and does not fix any errors.

If used with the /f/r/x, or /b parameters, it fixes errors on the drive or volume.

To run chkdsk, you must be a member of the local Administrators group, or equivalent. You must also open Windows Terminal as administrator in order to run chkdsk command successfully.

Below is how to use chkdsk to check for and fix bad sectors on your system’s hard drive or volume in Windows 11.

How to run chkdsk command to check for bad sector on hard drive in Windows 11

As mentioned above, chkdsk is a Windows command that checks the file system and file system metadata of a volume for logical and physical errors.

Below is how to run the tool to check for and fix errors on your system hard disk drive. Users can run the chkdsk tool from the command line terminal or from File Explorer.

Run chkdsk from File Explorer

To run the chkdsk tool from File Explorer, first open File Explorer or press the Windows key + E on your keyboard.

In File Explorer, select This PC on the navigation menu, and right-click on the drive you want to check for errors, then select Properties.

On the Properties window, click Tools -> Check button as highlighted below.

Doing so will prompt you to scan the drive for error and fix them if possible.

Run chkdsk from Windows Terminal

Alternatively, one can run the chkdsk command from Windows Terminal.

To do that, first open Windows Terminal as administrator and select Windows PowerShell or Command Prompt.

On the command prompt, type the commands below to run chkdsk command with various parameters.

Check and fix errors:

chkdsk <drive letter>: /f

Run offline scan and fix error at next boot

chkdsk <drive letter>: /f /offlinescanandfix

Replace <drive letter> with the drive you want to scan for errors. The second command with parameters will force your computer to check the drive when boot up the next time.

That should do it!

Conclusion:

This post showed you how to run chkdsk command in Windows to scan and fix errors on system drive. If you find any error above or have something to share, please use the comment form below.

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