How to Install Elefant CMS with Apache on Ubuntu Linux

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The article provides detailed instructions on how to install Elefant CMS on Ubuntu Linux with Apache support. It outlines the process of setting up necessary elements like Apache2 HTTP Server, MariaDB Database Server, PHP 7.2 and its related modules. It also explains how to create an Elefant database and the subsequent steps for downloading, installing…

This article describes installing Elefant CMS on Ubuntu Linux with Apache support.

Elefant is a refreshingly simple open-source content management (CMS) that provides a modern interface and allows anyone to create and manage their website or blog content.

Installing Elefant CMS with Apache on Ubuntu Linux is a great way to create and manage website or blog content easily and efficiently. Elefant CMS provides a modern interface and allows anyone to create and manage their website or blog content.

Apache is a popular web server used to host websites and applications. Ubuntu Linux is a popular operating system used for web servers. Installing Elefant CMS with Apache on Ubuntu Linux provides a reliable and secure environment to host your website or blog content.

For more on Elefant CMS, please visit its home page

How to install Elefant CMS on Ubuntu Linux with Apache support

As described above, Elefant is a refreshingly simple open-source content management (CMS) that provides a modern interface and allows anyone to create and manage their website or blog content.

Below is how to install it on Ubuntu Linux.

Install Apache2 HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Apache2 HTTP Server is the most popular web server in use. Install it since Elefant CMS needs it.

To install Apache2 HTTP on the Ubuntu server, run the commands below.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can stop, start, and enable the Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

To test the Apache2 setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address. You should see the Apache2 default test page, as shown below. When you see that, then Apache2 is working as expected.

http://localhost
apache2 ubuntu install

Install MariaDB Database Server

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open-source database servers for Magento. To install MariaDB, run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can stop, start, and enable the service to start when the server boots.

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 17.10 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure the MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

Type the commands below to log into the MariaDB server to test if MariaDB is installed.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then, type the password you created above to sign on. If successful, you should see a MariaDB welcome message.

mariadb welcome

Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. To install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open the PHP default config file for Apache2.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

Then, save the changes on the following lines below in the file. The value below is an ideal setting to apply in your environment.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, please save the file and close it.

After installing PHP and related modules, you must restart Apache2 to reload PHP configurations.

To restart Apache2, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

To test PHP 7.2 settings with Apache2, create a phpinfo.php file in the Apache2 root directory by running the commands below

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then, type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Save the file. Then browse to your server hostname followed by /phpinfo.php

http://localhost/phpinfo.php

You should see the PHP default test page.

PHP 7.2 ubuntu nginx

Create Elefant Database

Once you’ve installed all the packages required for Elefant CMS to function, continue below to start configuring the servers.

First, run the commands below to create a blank Elefant database.

To log on to the MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then, create a database called elefant

CREATE DATABASE elefant;

Create a database user called elefantuser with a new password

CREATE USER 'elefantuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then, grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON elefant.* TO 'elefantuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Download and Install Elefant CMS

Run the commands below to download Elefant CMS’s latest content. Then, unzip the download file and move the content to the Apache2 default root directory.

cd /tmp && wget https://github.com/jbroadway/elefant/archive/elefant_2_0_3_stable.tar.gz
tar -xvzf elefant_2_0_3_stable.tar.gz
sudo mv elefant-elefant_2_0_3_stable /var/www/html/elefant

Next, run the commands below to change the root folder permissions.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/elefant/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/elefant/

Configure Apache2 Elefant CMS Site

Finally, configure the Apache2 configuration file for Elefant CMS. This file will control how users access Elefant CMS content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called elegant. conf.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/elefant.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin admin@example.com
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/elefant
     ServerName example.com

     <Directory /var/www/html/elefant/>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted
     </Directory>

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Save the file and exit.

After configuring the VirtualHost above, please enable it by running the commands below.

Enable the Elefant CMS

After configuring the VirtualHost above, please enable it by running the commands below, then restart the Apache2 server.

sudo a2ensite elefant.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Next, open your browser, go to the URL, and continue with the installation.

http://example.com/install

You should see the Elefant installation wizard page. Select the installation language and continue.

Elefant CMS Ubuntu install

Next, type the database connection info you created above and continue.

Elefant Ubuntu setup

Then, create an admin account with a password and save.

ubuntu elefant setup

After that, Elefant should be installed and ready to use. To login to the backend, type the URL below:

http://example.com/admin

Enjoy~

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