How to Install PostgreSQL on Ubuntu Linux

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announcement 4156536 640

This post shows students and new users steps to install PostgreSQL on Ubuntu Linux with the pgAdmin4 web-based management tool. PostgreSQL is a general-purpose and object-relational database management system, probably the most advanced open-source database system.

With PostgreSQL, one can also add custom functions using different programming languages such as C/C++, Java, etc.

pgAdmin is a web-based interface for managing of PostgreSQL database instances easily from your web browser. If you’re not a seasoned database administrator and want to manage PostgreSQL easily via your favorite web browser, then use pgAdmin4.

PostgreSQL packages are included in Ubuntu default repositories, however, the versions in Ubuntu repositories aren’t the latest. To install the latest, you will have to install the PostgreSQL package repository on Ubuntu Linux, and this tutorial will show you how.

Also, for students and new users learning Linux, Ubuntu Linux is the easiest place to start learning. Ubuntu is the modern, open-source Linux operating system for desktops, servers, and other devices.

To learn how to install PostgreSQL and pgAdmin4 Ubuntu Linux, follow the steps below

How to add PostgreSQL repository on Ubuntu Linux

Adding the PostgreSQL repository to Ubuntu is relatively easy. Simply run the commands below to add the PostgreSQL repository key and file.

The commands below will add the repository key and the repository file to Ubuntu Linux.

wget --quiet -O - | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb $(lsb_release -cs)-pgdg main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pgdg.list'

How to install PostgreSQL on Ubuntu Linux

Now that the repository and key are added, run the commands below to update and install the latest PostgresSQL packages.

To install PostgreSQL 11, run the commands below

sudo apt update
sudo apt-get install postgresql postgresql-contrib

The commands above will also install the PostgreSQL contrib package which provides several additional features for the PostgreSQL database system.

After installing PostgreSQL, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable.

sudo systemctl stop postgresql.service
sudo systemctl start postgresql.service
sudo systemctl enable postgresql.service

To validate that PostgreSQL is installed and running, run the commands below.

sudo systemctl status postgresql.service

When you run the commands above, it should show something similar to the one below.

● postgresql.service - PostgreSQL RDBMS
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/postgresql.service; enabled; vendor prese
   Active: active (exited) since Wed 2018-10-31 11:58:09 CDT; 12s ago
 Main PID: 7930 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
    Tasks: 0 (limit: 4663)
   CGroup: /system.slice/postgresql.service

Oct 31 11:58:09 ubuntu1804 systemd[1]: Starting PostgreSQL RDBMS.
Oct 31 11:58:09 ubuntu1804 systemd[1]: Started PostgreSQL RDBMS.

How to access the PostgreSQL shell

When you install PostgreSQL, a Postgres user is automatically created. This user is the superuser for the PostgreSQL instance and is equivalent to the MySQL root user.

To access PostgreSQL interactive shell and manage the database, you need to switch users and login into the shell as Postgres users.

sudo su - postgres

Then use the psql command to invoke the interactive shell when creating and managing PostgreSQL databases.


Set password for DB administrator (Postgres)

Another way to access the PostgreSQL prompt without switching users is to use the sudo command.

To create a change PostgreSQL database administrator password, log in as a Postgres user and invoke the psql command shell using the commands below.

sudo -u postgres psql

On the psql shell, run the below commands to change the database admin password. Either command below should work.

\password postgres

After that, quit and exit.


How to install pgAdmin4 web portal

Now that PostgreSQL is installed, run the commands below to install pgAdmin4 to manage your PostgreSQL server.

sudo apt-get install pgadmin4 pgadmin4-apache2

You will be prompted to enter the PostgreSQL user password during the installation.

PostgreSQL pgAdmin4

Create a password for the pgAdmin4 web service.

PostgreSQL pgAdmin4

After installing, open your web browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address followed by pgAdmin4 URI

Enter the web interface’s initial user account as shown in the image above.

PostgreSQL pgadmin4

Log in and add a new PostgreSQL server.

Begin setting up your environment.

PostgreSQL pgadmin4

That’s it! You may want to restrict access to only local IP addresses.


This post showed you how to install PostgreSQL on Ubuntu Linux and its web-based tool to manage databases. Please use the comment form below if you find any errors above or have something to add.

Posted by
Richard W

I love computers; maybe way too much. What I learned I try to share at

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