How to Install Symfony 5 with Nginx on Ubuntu Linux

telework 5059653 640
telework 5059653 640

The tutorial provides detailed steps on installing the Symfony 5 Framework, an open-source PHP component, on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 using the Nginx HTTP server. It starts with the installation of Nginx and PHP 7.2-FPM, followed by configuring Nginx’s PHP default settings. It continues with the download of Symfony’s latest release using Composer and configuring the Nginx site configuration for Symfony. The tutorial concludes with enabling Symfony and testing its successful installation.

This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install Symfony 5 Framework on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 with the Nginx HTTP server.

Our previous tutorial showed you how to install Symfony 5 framework on Ubuntu with Apache2. This one shows you how to run it with Nginx instead.

For the uninitiated, Symfony is a free, open-source, reusable PHP components and framework that help speed up the creation and maintenance of your PHP web and API applications.

This PHP framework is designed for ease of use to allow web admins to collaborate and automate engaging experiences with users across multiple devices, including mobile.

For more about Symfony, please check their Homepage

To get started with installing the Symfony framework, follow the steps below:

Install Nginx HTTP Server

The Symfony framework works as a web server, and the Nginx HTTP server is the most popular open-source web server available today. To install and use Nginx with Symfony, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable the Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Now that Nginx is installed browse your browser to the URL below to test whether the web server works.

nginx default home page test

If you see the page above, then Nginx is successfully installed.

Install PHP 7.2-FPM and Related Modules

Symfony is a PHP-based framework, and PHP is required. However, PHP 7.2-FPM may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. To run PHP 7.2-FPM on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2-FPM and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-mysql php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-soap php7.2-ldap php7.2-gd php7.2-bcmath php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2-FPM, run the commands below to open Nginx’s PHP default configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

The lines below are a good setting for most PHP-based CMS. Update the configuration file with these and save.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

It would be best to restart the Nginx web server whenever you change the PHP configuration file. To do so, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Download Symfony Latest Release

To get Symfony’s latest release, you may want to use Composer. Composer allows you to download and manage packages and their dependencies easily.

To install Composer on Ubuntu, run the commands below:

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

After installing Composer above, change the Nginx home directory and download Symfony packages into a new project folder called symfony5.

cd /var/www/
sudo composer create-project symfony/skeleton symfony5

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for the Symfony root directory and give Nginx control.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/symfony5/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/symfony5/

Configure Nginx

Finally, configure the Apahce2 site configuration file for Symfony. This file will control how users access Symfony content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called Symfony.

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/symfony

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    root   /var/www/symfony5/public;
    index  index.php;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/;

    client_max_body_size 100M;
    autoindex off;

    location / {
    try_files $uri /index.php$is_args$args;

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
         include fastcgi_params;
         fastcgi_intercept_errors on;

Save the file and exit.

Enable the Symfony

After configuring the VirtualHost above, please enable it by running the commands below.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/symfony /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the host’s domain name or server IP address. You should then see Symfony 5 homepage.
Symfony Ubuntu Install

Symfony 5 framework application is now ready, and you can start working on it.


This post shows you how to install Symfony 5 framework on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04. If you find any error, please report it in the comment form below.

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1 Comment

  1. i get 404 not found message when lauch the project

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