This article describes the steps to install Drupal on Windows with XAMPP support.
Drupal, a popular open-source content management software, can be used to create many of the websites and applications you use every day.
From personal blogs to eCommerce to almost any type of website. To run Drupal, you must install a webserver, a database server, and PHP server scripting modules.
Drupal will usually be installed on a Linux system, including Ubuntu, with either the LAMP or LEMP stack. However, some open-source projects today enable installing Drupal on Microsoft Windows desktops and servers.
One such project is XAMPP. XAMPP is an entirely free, easy-to-install Apache distribution containing MariaDB, PHP, and Perl.
Download XAMPP Package
To install XAMPP on Windows, download the Windows version to the Apache Friends website.
After downloading the Windows version, you should be prompted to install the package. You’ll need to install Apache, MySQL, PHP, and Perl, as shown in the image below.
Complete the installation and continue to the next step.
Accept the default installation directory: C:\xampp
Now that the package is installed, open XAMPP and start up Apache and MySQL services, as shown in the image below.
After starting Apache2 and MySQL, these servers should be running. To test whether Apache is running, open Internet Explorer on the host machine and type the URL below:
This should bring up the Apache XAMPP default page.
To validate that MariaDB is installed and functioning, open the Shell command prompt on the right of the XAMPP Control Panel. This should launch the command shell. Then type the commands below:
This should get you onto the MariaDB database server.
To secure the MariaDB database server, open the Shell command windows again, then type the commands below.
When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.
- Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
- Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
- New password: Enter password
- Re-enter new password: Repeat password
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]: Y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]: Y
Create Drupal Database
While still in the Shell command windows, type the commands below to log on to the MariaDB database server.
Type the password you enter above when prompted.
mysql -u root -p
Then create a database called drupal.
CREATE DATABASE drupal;
Create a database user called drupaluser with a new password
CREATE USER 'drupaluser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';
Then grant the user full access to the database.
GRANT ALL ON drupal.* TO 'drupaluser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;
Finally, save your changes and exit.
FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT;
Download Drupal Content
Now that the Drupal database has been created, download Drupal content from its download page.
After downloading the Drupal file, extract it into the C:\xampp\htdocs
You can delete all the files and folders and extract Drupal content from that folder. The htdocs should look like this:
Configure PHP Settings
Now that Joomla content is in the Apache2 root directory. Go to the path below and open the PHP configuration file.
Then right-click the highlighted PHP configuration file and edit. Then make the changes below in the file and save. You will have to scroll line by line.
Then change to the following lines below in the file and save.
file_uploads = On allow_url_fopen = On memory_limit = 256M upload_max_filesize = 100M max_execution_time = 120 max_input_vars = 1500 date.timezone = America/Chicago
Save the file when you’re done.
When done, open Internet Explorer and type the URL below to begin the Drupal installation wizard.
Then browse to the site’s domain and see the Drupal site setup wizard.
Follow the on-screen instructions until you’ve successfully installed Drupal.
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