How to Setup Zenario CMS on Ubuntu Linux with Nginx

Zenario, an enterprise CMS developed by Tribal Systems is great for secure extranet portals, online databases, e-commerce, and multilingual sites.

If you want a Content Management System (CMS) that has enterprise-class features, is scalable and performs at a high level, then Zenario CMS is a good place to start. Zenario CMS is built on an open-source core with support for open standards, which might be very useful in helping you run your digital content.

This CMS platform is designed for ease of use to allow enterprises and business owners to collaborate and automate engaging experiences with users across multiple devices, including mobile.

For more about Zenario CMS, please check their Homepage

To get started with installing Zenario, follow the steps below:

Install Nginx HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Nginx HTTP Server is probably the second most popular web server in use. so install it since Zenario needs it.

To install Nginx HTTP on the Ubuntu server, run the commands below.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable the Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

To test the Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see the Nginx default test page as shown below. When you see that, then Nginx is working as expected.

http://localhost
nginx default home page test

Install MariaDB Database Server

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open-source database servers to use with Zenario. To install MariaDB run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable the MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 18.04 and 18.10 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure the MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

To test if MariaDB is installed, type the commands below to logon into the MariaDB server

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on. if successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message

mariadb welcome

Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third-party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mongodb php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-bcmath php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open the PHP default config file for Nginx.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below is a great setting to apply in your environment.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, save the file and closet.

After installing PHP and related modules, all you have to do is restart Nginx to reload PHP configurations.

To restart Nginx, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Create Zenario Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for Zenario to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First, run the commands below to create a blank Zenario database.

To log on to the MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called zenario

CREATE DATABASE zenario;

Create a database user called zenariouser with a new password

CREATE USER 'zenariouser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON zenario.* TO 'zenariouser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Download Zenario Latest Release

To get Zenario’s latest release you may want to use the GitHub repository. Install Composer, Curl and other dependencies to get started.

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

After installing curl and Composer above, change into the Nginx root directory and download Zenario packages from Github. Always replace the branch number with the latest branch.

sudo mkdir /var/www/html/zenario
cd /var/www/html/zenario
sudo composer create-project tribalsystems/zenario -sdev .

Next, create these two folders.

sudo mkdir /var/www/html/backup
sudo mkdir /var/www/html/docstore

Then give the web server access to them.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/docstore
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/backup

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for Zenario to function.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/zenario/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/zenario/

Configure Nginx

Finally, configure the Apahce2 site configuration file for Zenario. This file will control how users access Zenario content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called zenario

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/zenario

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/zenario;
    index  index.php index.html index.htm;
    server_name  example.com www.example.com;

     client_max_body_size 100M;

     autoindex off;

     location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
          }

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;
    }
}

Save the file and exit.

Enable the Zenario and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/zenario /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

To load all the settings above, restart Nginx by running the commands below.

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see the Zenario setup wizard complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

http://example.com/

Then follow the on-screen instructions and select the installation language here and continue with the setup wizard.

zenario Ubuntu install

Next, accept the licensing terms and click Fresh Install

zenario ubuntu setup

On the next screen, enter the database connection info you created above and continue.

Ubuntu zenario setup

Next, select install with the default theme.

zenario ubuntu setup

After that, create an admin account and continue.

Zenario ubuntu setup

Finally, Zenario should be installed and ready to use.

Zenario ubuntu setup

That’s it!

Ubuntu zenario setup

Congratulation! You have successfully installed Zenario CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 and 18.10.

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