How to Setup eZ CMS with Nginx on Ubuntu Linux

Computer monitor with security lock icon
Computer monitor with security lock icon

When you want to run the eZ Platform Enterprise CMS system on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 and 18.10 with Nginx and PHP 7.2-FPM support, the steps below should be a great place to start.

eZ Platform helps you design and develop content-driven websites and applications. It’s excellent for secure extranet portals, online databases, e-commerce, and multilingual sites.

If you want a Content Management System (CMS) with enterprise-class features is scalable, and performs at a high level, then the eZ Platform is an excellent place to start. eZ Platform is built on an open-source core with support for open standards, which might be very useful in helping you run your digital content.

This CMS platform is designed for ease of use to allow enterprises and business owners to collaborate and automate engaging experiences with users across multiple devices, including mobile.

For more about the eZ Platform, please check their Homepage

This brief tutorial will show students and new users how to install the eZ Platform on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.10 and 18.04 LTS.

To get started with installing the eZ Platform, follow the steps below:

Install Nginx HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Nginx HTTP Server is probably the second most popular web server, so install it since eZ Platform needs it.

To install Nginx HTTP on the Ubuntu server, run the commands below.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable the Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

To test the Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address, and you should see the Nginx default test page as shown below. When you see that, then Nginx is working as expected.

nginx default home page test

Install MariaDB Database Server

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open-source database servers for the eZ Platform. To install MariaDB run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can stop, start and enable the MariaDB service to start up when the server boots.

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 18.04 and 18.10 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure the MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

Type the commands below to log into the MariaDB server to test if MariaDB is installed.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on. If successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message.

mariadb welcome

Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. To install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open Nginx’s PHP default config file.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Then save the changes on the following lines below in the file. The value below is an excellent setting to apply in your environment.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, please save the file and close it.

After installing PHP and related modules, you must restart Nginx to reload PHP configurations.

To restart Nginx, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Create eZ Platform Database

Once you’ve installed all the packages required for the eZ Platform to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First, run the commands below to create a blank eZ Platform database.

To log on to the MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called ezplatform


Create a database user called ezplatformuser with a new password

CREATE USER 'ezplatformuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON ezplatform.* TO 'ezplatformuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.


Download the eZ Platform’s Latest Release.

You may want to use the GitHub repository to get the eZ Platform’s latest Release. Install Composer, Curl, and other dependencies to get started.

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

After installing curl and Composer above, change into the Nginx root directory and download eZ Platform packages from Github. Always replace the version number with the latest branch.

sudo mkdir /var/www/html/ezplatform
cd /var/www/html/ezplatform
sudo composer create-project --no-dev --keep-vcs ezsystems/ezplatform . v2.3.0

After a moment, the installer will ask you to provide a few parameters:

  1. First, choose a secret; it should be a random string of up to 32 characters, numbers, and symbols. This is used by Symfony when generating CSRF tokens, encrypting cookies, and for creating signed URIs when using ESI (Edge Side Includes).
  2. You can accept the default options for database_driver, database_host and database_port.
  3. Select a database_name or accept the default one.
  4. Provide your database_user and database_password.

After that, run the commands below to install the eZ Platform.

sudo composer require sensio/generator-bundle
sudo composer ezplatform-install

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for the eZ Platform to function.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/ezplatform/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/ezplatform/

Configure Nginx

Finally, configure the Apahce2 site configuration file for the eZ Platform by copying a vhost template file.

This file will control how users access eZ Platform content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called ezplatform

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/ezplatform

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/ezpla;
    index  index.php index.html index.htm;

    client_max_body_size 100M;

    # Additional Assetic rules for environments different from dev,
    # remember to run php bin/console assetic:dump --env=prod
    # and make sure to comment these out in "dev" environment.
    include /var/www/html/ezplatform/doc/nginx/ez_params.d/ez_prod_rewrite_params;

    # Access to repository images in single server setup
    include /var/www/html/ezplatform/doc/nginx/ez_params.d/ez_rewrite_params;

    location / {
         location ~ ^/app\.php(/|$) {
         include ez_params.d/ez_fastcgi_params;
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;

    include /var/www/html/ezplatform/doc/nginx/ez_params.d/ez_server_params;

Save the file and exit.

Enable the eZ Platform

After configuring the VirtualHost above, please enable it by running the commands below.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/ezplatform /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

Restart Nginx by running the commands below to load all the settings above.

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see the eZ Platform setup wizard complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

Open your project in the browser and see the welcome page.

eZ Platform CMS Ubuntu

To login to the admin portal, go to the URL below:
eZ Platform ubuntu

Login with:

Username: admin
Password: Publish

Congratulation! You have successfully installed the eZ Platform on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 and may work on 18.10.

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