Install Rubedo eCommerce CMS with Apache on Ubuntu Linux

dual screen 1745705 640
dual screen 1745705 640

Rubedo is an open-source PHP CMS / eCommerce platform based on Zend Framework, MongoDB, Elasticsearch & AngularJS. It allows web admins and users to build portals for secure extranet, online databases, e-commerce, and multilingual sites.

If you want a CMS and an eCommerce platform in one suite that is scalable and performs at a high level, then Rubedo CMS is an excellent place to start. In addition, Rubedo CMS is built on an open-source core with support for open standards, which might be very useful in helping you run your digital content.

This CMS platform is designed for ease of use to allow enterprises and business owners to collaborate and automate engaging experiences with users across multiple devices, including mobile.

For more about Rubedo CMS, please check their Homepage

To get started with installing Rubedo, follow the steps below:

Install Apache2 HTTP Server

Rubedo CMS requires a web server, and the Apache2 HTTP server is the most popular open-source web server available today. To install the Apache2 server, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable the Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

Now that Apache2 is installed browse your browser to the URL below to test whether the web server works.

Apache2 Test Page

If you see the page above, then Apache2 is successfully installed.

Install MongoDB

To get the latest version of MongoDB, you must add its repository to Ubuntu. To do that, run the commands below to add the official repository key.

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv 2930ADAE8CAF5059EE73BB4B58712A2291FA4AD5

After adding the repository key to Ubuntu, run the commands below to add the MongoDB repository to your system…

echo "deb [ arch=amd64,arm64 ] xenial/mongodb-org/3.6 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.6.list

Now that the repository and key have been added to Ubuntu, run the commands below to install the package.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install mongodb-org mongodb-org-server

By default, MongoDB listens on port 27017. after installing, the local server should be able to communicate with MongoDB. To verify whether MongoDB is running and active, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl start mongod
sudo systemctl status mongod

You should see something like the lines below:

Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

Rubedo CMS is a PHP-based CMS, and PHP is required. However, PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu’s default repositories. To run PHP 7.2 on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-mongodb php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-gd php7.2-bcmath php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open the PHP default configuration file for Apache2.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

The lines below are a good setting for most PHP-based CMS. Update the configuration file with these and save.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Every time you change the PHP configuration file, you should restart the Apache2 web server. To do so, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Once PHP is installed, create a test file called phpinfo.php in the Apache2 default root directory to test whether it’s functioning. ( /var/www/html/)

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Next, open your browser and browse to the server’s hostname or IP address, followed by phpinfo.php


You should see the PHP default test page.

PHP Test Page

Download Rubedo Latest Release

To get Rubedo’s latest release, you may want to download it from its download page. Then, install Composer, Curl, and other dependencies to get started…

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

After installing curl and Composer above, change into the Apache2 root directory and download Rubedo packages from GitHub… Always replace the branch number with the latest branch….

Download and extract the downloaded content into the Apache2 root directory.

cd /tmp
sudo mv rubedo-3.4.0/ /var/www/html/rubedo

After that, run the installer script to download requirements via Composer

cd /var/www/html/rubedo
sudo ./

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for the Rubedo root directory and give Apache2 control.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/rubedo/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/rubedo/

Configure Apache2

Finally, configure the Apahce2 site configuration file for Rubedo. This file will control how users access Rubedo content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called rubedo.conf.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/rubedo.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/rubedo/public

     <Directory /var/www/html/rubedo/public/>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

Save the file and exit.

Enable the Rubedo and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, please enable it by running the commands below.

sudo a2ensite rubedo.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see the Rubedo setup wizard complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

Then follow the on-screen instructions and complete the setup.

That’s it!

Congratulation! You have successfully installed Rubedo CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 and 18.10.

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1 Comment

  1. Emmanuel Tessier

    i meet a problem with the installation of Rubedo on Ubuntu 18.04. Could you help me please:
    After this command: sudo ./
    – i ‘ve try to choose for “Continue as root/super user” both “yes and no”,
    – error message 1: “Running update with –no-dev does not mean require-dev is ignored, it just means the packages will not be installed. If dev requirements are blocking the update you have to resolve those problems.”
    – error message2: [RuntimeException]
    require.WebTales/bsie is invalid, it should not contain uppercase character
    s. Please use webtales/bsie instead.
    – error message3: ./ ligne 58: vendor/bin/phing: Aucun fichier ou dossier de ce type

    Thanks in advance, Emmanuel.

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