How to Install Contenido CMS with Apache on Ubuntu Linux

Computer screen with Windows and Linux apps
Computer screen with Windows and Linux apps

This article describes the steps to install and use Contenido CMS on Ubuntu Linux with Apache support.

Contenido is open-source content management (CMS) that makes building and maintaining websites for any purpose easy.

This German open-source cm enables you to have functioning websites by just installing it and, within a few minutes, have templates available to start building your content.

Whether creating a personal or business website, Contenido CMS can help you create and manage your content on every device with its intuitive and powerful admin dashboard.

For more on Contenido CMS, please visit its home page

How to install Contenido CMS on Ubuntu Linux with Apache support

As described above, Contenido is an open-source content management (CMS) that makes building and maintaining websites for any purpose easy.

Below is how to install it on Ubuntu Linux.

Install Apache2 HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Apache2 HTTP Server is the most popular web server in use. Install it since Contenido CMS needs it.

To install Apache2 HTTP on the Ubuntu server, run the commands below.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable the Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

To test the Apache2 setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address, and you should see the Apache2 default test page as shown below. When you see that, then Apache2 is working as expected.

http://localhost
apache2 ubuntu install

Install MariaDB Database Server

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open-source database servers for Magento. To install MariaDB run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can stop, start and enable the MariaDB service to start up when the server boots.

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 17.10 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure the MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

Type the commands below to log into the MariaDB server to test if MariaDB is installed.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on. If successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message.

mariadb welcome

Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. To install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open the PHP default config file for Apache2.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

Then save the changes on the following lines below in the file. The value below is an ideal setting to apply in your environment.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, please save the file and close it.

After installing PHP and related modules, you must restart Apache2 to reload PHP configurations.

To restart Apache2, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

To test PHP 7.2 settings with Apache2, create a phpinfo.php file in the Apache2 root directory by running the commands below

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Save the file. Then browse to your server hostname followed by /phpinfo.php

http://localhost/phpinfo.php

You should see the PHP default test page.

PHP 7.2 ubuntu nginx

Create Contenido Database

Once you’ve installed all the packages required for Contenido CMS to function, continue below to start configuring the servers.

First, run the commands below to create a blank Contenido database.

To log on to the MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called Contenido.

CREATE DATABASE contenido;

Create a database user called contenidouser with a new password

CREATE USER 'contenidouser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON contenido.* TO 'contenidouser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Download and Install Contenido CMS

Run the commands below to download Contenido CMS’s latest content. Then unzip the download file and move the content to the Apache2 default root directory.

cd /tmp && wget https://www.contenido.org/upload/Downloads/CONTENIDO_4.9.12.zip
sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/contenido
sudo unzip CONTENIDO_4.9.12.zip -d /var/www/html/contenido

Next, run the commands below to change the root folder permissions.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/contenido/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/contenido/

Configure Apache2 Contenido CMS Site

Finally, configure the Apache2 configuration file for Contenido CMS. This file will control how users access Contenido CMS content. Run the commands below to create a configuration file called contenido.conf.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/contenido.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin admin@example.com
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/contenido
     ServerName example.com

     <Directory /var/www/html/contenido/>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted
     </Directory>

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Save the file and exit.

After configuring the VirtualHost above, please enable it by running the commands below.

Enable the Contenido CMS Site and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, please enable it by running the commands below, then restart the Apache2 server.

sudo a2ensite contenido.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Next, open your browser, go to the URL., and continue with the installation.

http://example.com/setup

You should see the Contenido installation wizard page. Select the installation language and continue.

Contenido ubuntu install

Select the option to install a new version.

Ubuntu contenido install

Type in the database connection info you created above. Save the configuration in the config file on the next page and continue.

Ubuntu contenido install

Next, create the admin password and continue.

After that, Contenido should be installed and ready to use. To login to the backend, type the URL below:

http://example.com/contenido/

Enjoy!

ubuntu contenido setup

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Posted by
Richard

I love computers; maybe way too much. What I learned I try to share at geekrewind.com.

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