How to Install Ampache with Nginx on Ubuntu Linux

This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install Ampache on Ubuntu 20.04 | 18.04 with the Nginx web server.

Ampache is a free, open-source web-based audio/video streaming application. It works like a file manager and allows anyone to stream and access their music and videos from anywhere around the world with Internet access.

With Apache, you can browse and manage your music collection, listen to your music and watch your videos from any device from a simple web interface.

Whether you’re a small one-person DJ or independent music streaming company, Ampache software has features that can help you broadcast your music to your fans directly from the Internet for free.

To get started with installing Ampache on Ubuntu, follow the steps below:

Install Nginx

Nginx HTTP Server is probably the second most popular web server today. Go and install Nginx since Ampache will need it to stream content over the Internet.

To install Nginx HTTP on the Ubuntu server, run the commands below.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable the Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

To test the Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see the Nginx default test page as shown below.

nginx default home page test

Install MariaDB

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open-source database servers to use with Ampache. Ampache uses a database to store its audio/video content.

To install MariaDB run the commands below.

sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can stop, start and enable the MariaDB service to start up when the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure the MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

To test if MariaDB is installed, type the commands below to logon into the MariaDB server

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on… if successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message

mariadb welcome

Install PHP 7.4-FPM

PHP 7.4-FPM may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. To install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.4-FPM

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.4-FPM

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2-FPM and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.4-fpm php7.4-common php7.4-curl php7.4-mbstring php7.4-xmlrpc php7.4-mysql php7.4-gd php7.4-xml php7.4-cli php7.4-zip

After installing PHP 7.4-FPM, run the commands below to open Nginx’s PHP default config file.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/fpm/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below is a great setting to apply in your environment.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Create Ampache Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages required for Ampache to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First, run the commands below to create a blank Ampache database.

To log on to the MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called ampache


Create a database user called ampacheuser with a new password

CREATE USER 'ampacheuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON ampache.* TO 'ampacheuser'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.


Download and Install Ampache

Download the Ampache package from its download page. You can simply run the commands below to create an Ampache directory, and extract the content into the directory its home directory.

cd /tmp
sudo unzip -d /var/www/ampache

Next, run the commands below to change the root folder permissions.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/ampache/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/ampache/

Configure Apache Site

Next, configure Nginx virtual host for the Ampache site. This file will control how users access Ampache content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called ampache.conf

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/ampache.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    root   /var/www/ampache;
    index  index.php;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/;

    client_max_body_size 100M;
    autoindex off;

#Rewrite rule for Subsonic backend
if ( !-d $request_filename ) {
    rewrite ^/rest/(.*).view$ /rest/index.php?action=$1 last;     
    rewrite ^/rest/fake/(.+)$ /play/$1 last;

# Rewrite rule for Channels 
    if (!-d $request_filename){
    rewrite ^/channel/([0-9]+)/(.*)$ /channel/index.php?channel=$1&target=$2 last; 

#Rewrite rule for Channels
 if (!-d $request_filename){
   rewrite ^/channel/([0-9]+)/(.*)$ /channel/index.php?channel=$1&target=$2 last;

location /rest {
       limit_except GET POST {
          deny all;

 location ^~ /bin/ {
       deny all;
       return 403;

 location ^~ /config/ {
       deny all;
       return 403;

 location / {
       limit_except GET POST HEAD{
          deny all;

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;

Save the file and exit.

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below and restarting Nginx.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/ampache.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Finally, open your browser and go to the URL.

You should see the Ampache setup wizard. Choose the installation language and start the configuration.

Next, make sure that all PHP requirements are met and continue.

After typing in the database name, database username, and password. Then continue with the wizard.

Next, choose the Subsonic backend for Ampache and continue.

After that create an initial admin account and continue.

That should complete the setup.

Log in with the admin account you created above when the setup is done.

Log in and begin setting up your environment.

That should do it!


This post showed you how to install Ampache on Ubuntu with the Nginx web server. If you find any error above, please use the comment form below to report.