This article explains creating a new Branch in Git on Ubuntu Linux.
Creating a new branch in Git allows you to develop new features or fix bugs without affecting the main code base.
Learning to create a new branch in Git on Ubuntu Linux is important for software developers who want to develop new features or fix bugs without affecting the main code base.
This allows developers to experiment and make changes without breaking the existing code. Additionally, knowing how to create and manage branches is essential for collaboration with other developers working on the same project.
By learning how to create a new branch in Git on Ubuntu Linux, developers can work more efficiently and effectively in a team environment.
Make sure that Git is installed on your Ubuntu system. You can install it by opening a terminal and typing the following command:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install git
After the installation is complete, you can configure your Git user (if you haven’t already) by using:
git config --global user.name "user_name" git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org"
Accessing Your Git Repository
Navigate to your local Git repository by using the
If you have not initialized a Git repository, you can do so by running the command:
Checking the Status of Your Repository
Before creating a new branch, ensure you are up to date with the main branch (often “main” or “master”). Check your current branch and changes with the following:
Fetching the Latest Changes
If there are changes in the remote repository that you don’t have locally, fetch and merge them:
git fetch git merge origin/main # or origin/master if your main branch is named 'master'
Creating a New Branch
To create a new branch and switch to it, use the
checkout command with the
-b flag, followed by the name of your new branch:
git checkout -b new-feature
new-feature with the name that you want to give to your new branch.
Working on the New Branch
You can start making changes after creating and switching to the new branch. Any commits you make will be made to the new branch, leaving the main branch unchanged.
Pushing the New Branch to the Remote Repository
Once you’re ready to push the new branch to the remote repository, use the
git push command:
git push -u origin new-feature
This command will push your new branch to the remote repository and set up a tracking relationship between your local and remote branches.
Creating a Feature Branch
git checkout -b feature/new_feature
This creates and switches to a branch named feature/new_feature.
Creating a Hotfix Branch
git checkout -b hotfix/critical-bug
This command is used when you need to fix a critical bug quickly.
Checking Out Other Branches
If you need to switch to another branch at any time, you can do so without creating a new branch by using:
git checkout other-branch-name
other-branch-name with the branch name you wish to switch to.
Merging Your New Branch
When your new features are tested and completed, you may want to merge them into the main branch.
First, switch to the main branch:
git checkout main # or master if your main branch is named 'master'
Then merge your new branch:
git merge new-feature
Deleting the Branch (Optional)
If you no longer need the branch, you can delete it with:
git branch -d new-feature # Delete the local branch git push origin --delete new-feature # Delete the remote branch
Congratulations! You have now successfully created, worked on, and managed a new branch in Git on your Ubuntu Linux system.
This post showed you how to create a new Branch in Git on Ubuntu Linux. Please use the comments form below if you find errors or have something to add.