How to Install Opigno LMS with Apache on Ubuntu Linux

desktop 1389979 640
desktop 1389979 640

Opigno LMS is an open-source e-learning platform based on Drupal that allows individuals and trainers to administer online courses efficiently. It is designed for companies and universities looking for an e-learning solution that is flexible and easily scalable.

If you’re looking for an open-source learning management platform to administer online classes for your students at school or your employees at your business, then you may want to look at Opigno.

This tutorial will show you how to install Opigno LMS via Composer so you always get the latest version when released.

For more about Opigno LMS, please check its Homepage

To get started with installing Opigno, follow the steps below:

Install Apache2 HTTP Server

Opigno requires a web server, and the Apache2 HTTP server is the most popular open-source web server available today. To install the Apache2 server, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable the Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

Now that Apache2 is installed open your browser and browse to the URL below to test whether the web server is working.

Apache2 Test Page

If you see the page above, then Apache2 is successfully installed.

Install MariaDB Database Server

Opigno also requires a database server to store its content. MariaDB is a great place to start if you’re looking for a genuinely open-source database server. To install MariaDB run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can stop, start and enable the MariaDB service to start up when the server boots.

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 18.10 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Next, run the commands below to secure the database server with a root password if you were not prompted to do so during the installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Once MariaDB is installed, run the commands below to test whether the database server was successfully installed.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Type the root password when prompted.

mariadb welcome

The server was successfully installed if you see a similar screen as shown above.

Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

Opigno is a PHP based CMS, and PHP is required. However, PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu’s default repositories. To run PHP 7.2 on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-mysql php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-gd php7.2-bcmath php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open the PHP default configuration file for Apache2.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

The lines below are a good setting for most PHP based CMS. Update the configuration file with these and save.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Every time you make changes to the PHP configuration file, you should also restart the Apache2 web server. To do so, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Once PHP is installed, create a test file called phpinfo.php in the Apache2 default root directory to test whether it’s functioning. ( /var/www/html/)

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Next, open your browser and browse to the server’s hostname or IP address, followed by phpinfo.php


You should see the PHP default test page.

PHP Test Page

Create Opigno Database

Once you’ve installed all the packages required for Opigno to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First, run the commands below to create a blank Opigno database.

To log on to the MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called opigno


Create a database user called opignouser with a new password

CREATE USER 'opignouser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON opigno.* TO 'opignouser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.


Download Opigno Latest Release

To get Opigno’s latest release, you may want to use the GitHub repository. Install Composer, Curl, and other dependencies to get started.

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

After installing curl and Composer above, change into the Apache2 root directory and download Opigno packages from Github.

cd /var/www/html
sudo composer create-project opigno/opigno-composer opigno
cd /var/www/html/opigno
sudo composer install

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for the Opigno root directory and give Apache2 control.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/opigno/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/opigno/

Configure Apache2

Finally, configure the Apahce2 site configuration file for Opigno. This file will control how users access WebsiteBaker content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called opigno.conf.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/opigno.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/opigno

     <Directory /var/www/html/opigno/>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

Save the file and exit.

Enable the Opigno and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, please enable it by running the commands below.

sudo a2ensite opigno.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see the Opigno setup wizard complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

Then follow the on-screen instruction. Finally, choose the installation language and continue.

Opigno ubuntu install

Next, type in the database connection info you created above and continue. When you do that, Opigno should kick the installation. After a brief moment,

Opigno ubuntu install

Next, type the site name and admin account and continue. When you’re done, Opigno should be installed and ready to use.

Opigno Ubuntu install

You can log on to the backend using the admin email address and password created above.

Opigno Ubuntu setup

Congratulation! You have successfully installed Opigno LMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 and 18.10.

Posted by
Richard W

I love computers; maybe way too much. What I learned I try to share at


  1. Thanks for this. Is it correct? I followed this from a clean install of 18.04. installation competes, but the site returns 404 for each page once in the LMS as admin.

    1. this seems to break at the virtual server bit. does not work.

  2. Please write an updated guide, this does not work

  3. Please write an updated guide, this breaks.

  4. have you tested this. I get errors once installed, site loads, but all pages return 404

  5. In case anyone is wondering, you can access it here:


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