How to Install CSZ CMS with Apache on Ubuntu Linux




The post explains how to install and configure CSZ CMS, a robust, PHP-based, open-source content management system (CMS), on Ubuntu 16.04, 18.04, and 18.10. It involves steps such as installing the Apache2 HTTP Server, setting up the MariaDB database server, running PHP 7.2, creating the CSZ CMS database, configuring Apache2, and completing the setup with…

This article explains installing CSZ CMS with Apache support on Ubuntu Linux.

CSZ CMS is a free, open-source, and robust blogging engine built with PHP CodeIgniter and Bootstrap that can be used to create website content and structure with control over everything, including designs with responsive layouts.

If you want a Content Management System (CMS) that is easy to install, simple to maintain, and extensible, then CSZ CMS is an excellent place to start. It is built with CodeIgniter and Bootstrap, making your website fully responsive and helping you run your digital content.

For more about CSZ CMS, please check their Homepage

To get started with installing CSZ CMS, follow the steps below:

Install Apache2 HTTP Server

CSZ CMS requires a web server, and the Apache2 HTTP server is the most popular open-source web server available today. To install the Apache2 server, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can stop, start, and enable the Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

Now that Apache2 has been installed browse your browser to the URL below to test whether the web server works.

Apache2 Test Page

If you see the page above, then Apache2 is successfully installed.

Install MariaDB Database Server

CSZ CMS also requires a database server to store its content. MariaDB is a great place to start if you want a genuinely open-source database server. To install MariaDB, run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can stop, start, and enable the service to start when the server boots.

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 18.10 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Next, run the commands below to secure the database server with a root password if you were not prompted to do so during the installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Once MariaDB is installed, run the commands below to test whether the database server was installed.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Type the root password when prompted.

mariadb welcome

The server was successfully installed if you see a similar screen.

Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

CSZ CMS is a PHP-based CMS, and PHP is required. However, PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu’s default repositories. To run PHP 7.2 on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-mysql php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open the PHP default configuration file for Apache2.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

The lines below are a good setting for most PHP-based CMS. Update the configuration file with these and save.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Every time you change the PHP configuration file, you should restart the Apache2 web server. To do so, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Once PHP is installed, create a test file called phpinfo.php in the Apache2 default root directory to test whether it’s functioning. ( /var/www/html/)

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then, type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Next, open your browser and browse to the server’s hostname or IP address, followed by phpinfo.php


You should see the PHP default test page.

PHP Test Page

Create CSZ CMS Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages required for CSZ CMS to function continue below to start configuring the servers. First, run the commands below to create a blank CSZ CMS database.

To log on to the MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then, create a database called cszcms


Create a database user called cszcmsuser with a new password

CREATE USER 'cszcmsuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then, grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON cszcms.* TO 'cszcmsuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.


Download CSZ CMS Latest Release

To get CMS’s latest release, you may want to go and download from its download page. Or use the commands below to use wget and get it downloaded.

Once downloaded, extract the downloaded content into the newly created cszcms directory.

cd /tmp
sudo mkdir /var/www/html/cszcms
sudo unzip -d /var/www/html/cszcms

Next, run the commands below to set the correct permissions for the CSZ CMS root directory and give Apache2 control.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/cszcms/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/cszcms/

Configure Apache2

Finally, configure the Apahce2 site configuration file for CSZ CMS. This file will control how users access WebsiteBaker content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called cszcms. Conf.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/cszcms.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/cszcms

     <Directory /var/www/html/cszcms/>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

Save the file and exit.

Enable the CSZ CMS and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, please enable it by running the commands below.

sudo a2ensite cszcms.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. Next, you should see the CSZ CMS setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

Then, follow the on-screen instructions. Type in the database connection info you created above and create an admin account for the backend. When you’re ready, click Install Now!

CSZ CMS Ubuntu Install

That’s it! You can now log on and start creating great posts.

CSZ CMS Ubuntu Install

Log on to the backend admin portal using the credentials created above.

CSZ CMS Ubuntu Install


CSZ CMS Ubuntu Install

Congratulation! You have successfully installed CSZ CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 and 18.10.

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